Few other French monuments illustrate the evolution of attitudes and practices in the area of restoration of historical monuments, as the Cathedral of Reims. It was mostly spared during the destructions of the Religious Wars and the Revolution. However, as early as the 17th century, rain and water infiltration made restoration necessary on several sculptures of the fašade.

The second quarter of the 19th century saw the beginning of a series of important restorations, and the Cathedral was classified as an Historical Monument in 1862. But it was the damage sustained during World War I that led to an almost uninterrupted succession of restoration projects that continues to this day.